Lepakshi is a small village in the east of Hindupur city, in Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh. ‘Le Pakshi’ meaning ‘Rise, O Bird’, a word uttered by Lord Rama when a giant bird ‘Jayatu’ was dying in his hand, who tried to save Mata Sita from the abduction of Lanka-King Ravana. Jayatu fought bravely with Ravana but was severely injured to death thus, fell into the present-day Leepakshi. Since that very day, the name Leepakshi got stuck to this place. There are other legends related to the name and this place but this one is the widely famous one.
Aside from the above-mentioned legend, the village is admired for its cravings and architectures reflecting Vijayanagar style, dated back to the 16th century. And one of the artistic wonders of this place is the temple of Veerabhadra. What makes this temple outstanding is the creativity and devotion of two talented brothers; who used to serve the king of the Vijayanagar Empire. This sacred place is one of the most visited religious sites in India. It’s the beauty, architecture, and paintings of this temple that calls not only religious people but also sightseers.
The temple was built in 1530 by the governors of Vijayanagar Kingdom, Virupanna Nayaka, and Viranna Nayaka, who were brothers by blood in relation. This happened during the reign of King Achutaraya Deva Raya. It is said that the idea of constructing the temple was generated by Virupanna to keep the mythical memories of this place, and honor his patron deity “Veerabhadra”.
Incomplete Temple Legend
Regardless of history, local people believe that the temple of Veerabhadra was already in existence before the 15th century. Folk tale further states that, after finding the trace of deity Veerabhadra’s sculpture, they (Virupanna and his brother) started making additions to the temple. It is said that the government covered the cost of building this temple.
However, in the verse of making the most beautiful temple in Leepakshi, Virupanna almost emptied the state treasure without the king’s knowledge. The temple was almost ready when the king came to know about the utmost spending of the country’s treasure. Thus, he ordered to rip out the eye of Virupanna as a punishment.
However, claiming to the faithful ally of the king and being said to be accused of the false charge, Virupanna dutifully carried out the order by himself and ripped off his eyes. Since he was sad, he dashed the ripped eyes in the wall of the temple, which marks is still seen today. Because of this incident, Kalyana Mantapa of this temple remains unfinished.
From outside the temple seems plain but hidden treasure can be seen only when one enters the temple. The temple is of Dravidian Style (Vijayanagar Architecture Style), which is divided into 3 sections named as: the Natya Mantapa or Mukha Mantapa (the assembly hall or dance hall), the ‘Artha Mantapa’ (antechamber) and the ‘Garbagriha’ (the sanctum sanctorum), and Kalyana Mantapa with 38 grand pillars.
Mukha Mantapa/Natya Mantapa is made up of beautiful pillars with figurines in various dancing poses. The central ceiling of this hall rises up to 20 feet in the shape of a lotus. In the Artha Mantapa is the fascinating mural paintings that keep everyone spellbound. The paintings of this temple are one of the most extensive and well-preserved examples of historical art in southern India. The mural paintings in the ceiling of the temple is said to be the Asia’s largest painting, measuring 23×13ft., depicting the scenes from the epic Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Puranas.
In the entrance of Garbaghriha, presiding the large statue of Lord Veerabhadra lies the figurine of goddess Ganga and Yamuna. The sculpture of Veerabhadra fully armed and decorated with skulls. In the western part of the pradakshina surrounding the main shrines lies the other three shrines: Ramalinga Shrine, Bhadrakali Shrines, and Hanuman Linga shrine all facing east.
While going around the temple, on the left of the temple wall lies the sheltered corridor where visitors or pilgrims could rest. Each of the pillars shelters carries unique images. The straight ahead of the exterior lies the great seven-headed serpents sheltering the Shiva Linga which is seated in its coils.
The exterior also consists of Asampurna/Unfinished Kalyana Mantapa (the wedding hall). This grand hall remains unfinished because of the sad incident of Virupanna causing to lose his eyes. However, pillars in Kalyana Mantapa still flaunts beautifully, depicting various Hindu gods.
Upon crossing the Kalyana Mantapa, one can see the huge footprint in the temple floor, which is believed to be of Devi Sita. This footprint is always wet because of the water that constantly flows through it. Some also believe this footprint to be of Lord Hanuman.
Hanging Pillar in Natyamantapa
There is a pillar in the Natyamantap of this temple which does not rest fully on the ground. This one is a best-known pillar which honors the engineering genius of the ancient Vijayanagar period. The base of this pillar barely touches the floor and it is possible to pass the sheet of papers and piece of cloth from one side to other. The pillar is however a bit dislocated from its original position, as it was tried to be moved by a British engineer to uncover its secret.
One of the major attractions of Veerabhadra Temple and its complex is the large monolithic Nandi sculpture, that lies 1 km before the main temple. It is said to be the biggest statue of Nandi in India. Cut out of a single stone, the statue is about 27 ft in length and 15 ft in height.
There are sculptures of various Hindu gods and goddesses in the periphery of this Temple. Though some section of the temple remains incomplete, Leepakshi/Veerabhadra Temple will surely amaze its visitors. One can visit this temple to offer their worship as a pilgrim or can visit the temples like a tourist as per their wish. As one of the most important pilgrims sites of Lord Shiva, this is the most visited and famous historical places in India.
(Last Updated On: June 1, 2020)